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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain) is a sovereign state located off the north-western coast of continental Europe. Northern Ireland is the only part of the U.K. that shares a land border with another sovereign state-he Republic of Ireland. The United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world's seventh-largest economy by nominal GDP and eighth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries
The U.K. is a unitary state governed under a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary system, with its seat of government in the capital city of London. The United Kingdom remains a great power with leading economic, cultural, military, scientific and political influence. The country includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland and many smaller islands. Furthermore land border the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea, the English Channel and the Irish Sea.
Business and Economy
The UK has a partially regulated market economy. Based on market exchange rates the United Kingdom is today the sixth-largest economy in the world and the third-largest in Europe after Germany and France, having fallen behind France for the first time in over a decade in 2008. The United Kingdom service sector makes up around 73% of GDP. London is one of the three "command centres" of the global economy (alongside New York City and Tokyo), is the world's largest financial centre alongside New York and has the largest city GDP in Europe. HM Treasury, led by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, is responsible for developing and executing the British government's public finance policy and economic policy. The Bank of England is the United Kingdom's central bank and is responsible for issuing the nation's currency, the pound sterling. Banks in Scotland and Northern Ireland retain the right to issue their own notes, subject to retaining enough Bank of England notes in reserve to cover their issue. Pound sterling is the world's third-largest reserve currency (after the U.S. Dollar and the Euro). Since 1997 the Bank of England's Monetary Policy Committee, headed by the Governor of the Bank of England, has been responsible for setting interest rates at the level necessary to achieve the overall inflation target for the economy that is set by the Chancellor each year.
These are major cities of United Kingdom. Cities like Birmingham, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Leeds, Liverpool, London, Manchester, Taunton, Bangor, Runcorn, Salford, Gateshead, Birkenhead.
Capital - London
Official language - English
Total 243,610 km2 (80th) 94,060 sq mi
Water (%) 1.34
- Mid-2010 estimate 62,262,000 (22nd)
- 2001 census 58,789,194
- Density 255.6/km2 (51st) 661.9/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate
Total $2,308.503 trillion
Per capita $36,605.022
GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate
Total $2,452.689 trillion
Per capita $38,891.321
Gini (2008–09) 41
HDI (2011) - 0.863 (very high) (28th)
Currency - Pound sterling (GBP)